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February 03 2011

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Canada: Canadian Coins, “Take a Penny, Leave a Penny”, and other random topics

Hello Skooter Blog readers. This article was originally the second part of article about shopping in supermarkets in Canada. But, as always, start talking about a subject, I open a series of brackets and explanations and end in a related subject, but totally different. So nothing fairer than rename the article to reflect on what it truly speaks: Canadian coins and the “Take a Penny, Leave a Penny”, that was the origin of all the introduction on currencies. And the meaning of those words I'll explain later.

The Canadian currency has some nicknames by which they are called in the majority of cases in which some Canadian refers to them. The one cent coin is called penny, A 5 hundred e chamada nickel, A 10 hundred e chamada dime, A 25 hundred e chamada quarter, A 1 dollar is called loonie e A 2 dollars is called toonie. And not, I have not forgotten coin 50 cents. The truth is that the coins 50 cents are very rare, never received or met one of them personally. For some reason they are produced in much smaller quantity than the other and virtually no circulating. In the photo below you can see some of my Canadian coins.

Moedas canadenses. Da esquerda para a direita: pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, loonies e toonies.

Canadian coins. From left to right: pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, loonies e toonies.

A penny is predominantly made of steel and coated with brass, In the same way that currency 5 centavos. This gives it a beautiful appearance when they are young, But with little time to use them oxidize and become well feinhas, exactly the same with coins 5 centavos. I chose the same pennies novinhas to save more, they were perfect, but a year later they were already several signs of rust (Many digital-shaped as can be seen in the picture), even if not handled in all this time. Regarding the material of the other currencies, nickel, dime, and quarter are coated nickel. A loonie is plated brass (copper with a little tin) and to toonie Copper has a center (with some nickel and aluminum) and a ring nickel.

Looking at the photo of the coins imagine the questions that may arise. One is: For that to dime is much smaller than the nickel and even slightly smaller than the penny? It seems that the reason for this is historical. First we must know that the diameters of pennies, nickels and dimes is equal to their counterparts in the United States. Moreover, the surname of these coins in the United States is exactly the same. We USA, as originally pennies were made entirely of copper, as nickels made entirely of nickel (as the name says) and as dime were made of silver. Their weights (and therefore their diameters) were designed so that the value of the metal was close to the value stamped on the coin. If they made a dime Silver larger than the nickel, the metal that would more 10 cents and could lead people to melt these coins. Today, even with the coins being made of steel and have only the coating made with precious metals, The diameters were maintained.

A second question that may arise is: What is the Queen of England is doing in all of these currencies? This is simple, Queen Elizabeth II is not only Queen of England, she is queen of several other countries, including Canada. Few people know that Canada is a monarchy. Everyone knows that the U.S. president is Barack Obama, but who cares about politics in Canada? They do not fight with anyone (were left out in the Iraq war, embargam não Cuba, no terrorism cases, etc.), their currency is not used in international reserves, they are more comrades-states unidenses with foreigners of various nations (including Brazil), quase all products exported by them go to the United States. Ultimately, nobody gives a damn about who is boss here. And admit, the royal family did not whistle a lot in practice nor in England, or anywhere else, and serves mainly to spend the money and the commoners “provide news” for tabloids. Within the existing democratic parliamentary government in Canada, Who really holds the position of head of state is the Prime Minister, which currently is a guy named David Lloyd Johnston (it is, you never heard of him), but in my time was a woman named Michaëlle Jean. Michaëlle Jean was the third woman head of state in Canada, long before you hear the Dilma, and the first black chef status in Canada, long before you hear about Obama. And yet you never heard it. 🙂

Note that Canadians give any importance to the origins of English, and why Queen Elizabeth II has enough prestige there, there is even a holiday for her. It's very different in Brazil where we do not give a damn about the descendants of the royal family in Brazil. Do you know a So-called Maria de Paola Sapieha-Rozanski and Bourbon-Orléans-Braganza? Maybe you even know, but I just learned that she is sought after on Google. And that's because it is considered the most famous descendant of the Brazilian imperial family. And the worst is that not long ago they spent good money to do a plebiscite to determine whether the Brazilians wanted a return to monarchy. Na ociasião, the number of people that “voted for the king”, despite being a ridiculous percentage, is still vastly superior to quantity relatives candidate for king. 🙂

But back to the currencies, Brazil not moeda of 1 dime left to be made some time ago (I am sure you have noticed, but anyway…). Among the reasons are its very low nominal value and lower the cost of producing the same. But in Canada the pennies continue to be manufactured and in full flow. No Brasil, despite the penny have turned rarity, traders insist on using prices that are not multiples of 5 cents. With that end up being rounded values, no trader gives the change of 1 or 2 cents, and customers arredondam 1 or 2 cents down in time to pay. This should cause inconsistencies beautiful closing time cashiers, but nobody sends put prices that are not multiples of 5 cents, right playmates? Math is your friend. In Canada the situation is different, there the dealer will always return the correct change including all cents. Inclusive, Countless shops have a automatic dispenser of coins, connected to cash register, will return the exact change. But the same manual boxes will give you the correct change. And do not try cents rounding down in time to pay as you will be charged.

Something noticed on almost all commercial establishments boxes is that there is a bandejinha with the phrase “Take a penny, leave a penny” ao scope two clients. When a client receives coins in change and do not want, it can leave them there. Another customer can get the same bandejinha coins and use them to pay for their own purchase, to avoid having to exchange one currency / ballot or even more for not having to use their own currencies. The box can eventually take away coins, but not taking advantage. For example: The box needs to give 9 cents in change for the customer, instead of giving a nickel and four pennies, it just takes a penny the bandejinha and gives a dime to the client, avoiding having to ask a penny for the customer to facilitate the exchange. Moreover, never saw merchant order to facilitate the exchange of wool, I think it is not a practice well regarded by customers. Another situation where the cashier can use the bandejinha “Take a penny, leave a penny” is when he is without currencies. For example: he can catch 10 pennies and placing 1 dime no place. Ultimately, bandejinha basically that is money that belongs to all customers, but not the box. Despite its name “Take a penny, leave a penny”, já vi nickels and dimes these bandejinhas. Note that this practice with the box always close properly at the end of the workday, one or more cent or less, provided that the employee has not committed any error.

The more interesting “Take a penny, leave a penny” is that it works exactly the way it was described. Apparently no rogue trader puts his hand on bandejinha when it is full. It, likewise, customers use only what they need to pay, no customer pockets the coins when nobody is looking. Of course there must be exceptions, but minority. I can not imagine running such a business in Brazil. It is something similar to subway, that e chamado LRT (Light Rail Transit). In LRT you purchase your ticket in electronic machines and stamps with the date and time before moving to the restricted area subway, where people should only pass if they have proof of payment, in other words, with stamped ticket or a ticket transfer provided by bus drivers (the same ticket goes for subway or bus and is valid for a certain period, an hour and a half if I'm not mistaken), can make as many transfers you want within that period. The curious thing is that there is no ratchet to move to the restricted area, no fiscal, there is absolutely nothing. What guarantees that people pay their tickets properly is simply honesty of these people, and obviously the fear of taking a beautiful fine if caught without proof of payment, despite being infrequent supervision.

Moreover, heavy fines is not lacking to help people walk the line. The people are so polite, but undoubtedly help control laws anyone thinking of being dishonest. And it is quite common to have multiple cities by-laws (including municipal laws or district) for all “mau behavior”. Was caught riding the subway without paying? C$110 (Canadians U.S. dollars) fine. He was caught throwing trash on the street? But C $ 200 fine. Of course there are those who take chances with fines, I was once approached by a drunk guy asking where there was a station of LRT. To begin, he was already breaking a law, because he was drunk in a public place. I pointed the way, but I doubt he has bought or stamped the ticket in that state. Moreover, in that “experience” I also discovered that one way to know that your English is good is to talk to a drunk on the street and realize that you can understand him and he can understand you. 🙂

Algumas máquinas para vender e/ou distribuir jornais.

Some machines to sell and / or distribute newspapers.

You see these “machines” newspaper in the photo above? Some are free, others are paid. We paid the money and you put it releases the lid opening. You open, A newspaper picks, and date, because you are a Canadian citizen or visitor honest, or at least you're not in order to find that the laws work in Canada, some? And anyone ever wondered what would happen to such a machine in Brazil?

But anyway, 'm stopping here, but this article will never end. I've been through most of an item that were scheduled for articles on supermarkets, that is the “Take a Penny, Leave a Penny”. In the next article about Canada, I'll talk about the supermarket cards and explain why you need to have them. Until then…

David Lloyd Johnston

About the author

Skooter

Skooter is a computer scientist and the founder of Skooter Blog. He is interested in everything related to technology and he likes to save money by making his purchases directly from abroad.

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1 Comment in "Canada: Canadian Coins, “Take a Penny, Leave a Penny”, and other random topics"

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carlitus
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carlitus

I need to stop reading articles like this, but my hatred of the modus operandi tupiniquim will become pathological. Impressive as monkeys seem to compare with the Canadian way of life with our.

Maybe one day I can get a work visa and boot me out of here.

And what's more, great article!

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