Windows 10 only accesses network shares by IP (Samba)

This is another article in the series Problems and Solutions. The problem in question occurred after I install a new version of Windows 10, using the option to keep only files and settings, because the update of the Windows Update keeping all programs were failing repeatedly. Not only the Windows failed in installation of the update as it continued to bother to do it again, just to disturb my work and fail again.

The Problem

Well, After the Windows Update installation 10, my machine stopped view network shares. Particularly I couldn't access the shares on my NAS only by IP, but not by name.

Investigating the problem I ended up discovering that the fault was of the NetBIOS, actually, the lack of NetBIOS. For some reason, Windows left the NetBIOS disabled. To see this problem I used the following command in the PowerShell:

ipconfig /all

The output will be similar to that:

Checking if Netbios is running.

Checking if Netbios is running.

The important thing here is to locate the interface being used to access the network. In my case it is the Intel(R) Ethernet Connection I217-V. The last item is “NetBIOS over Tcpip” and must be “Enabled”. When the problem was occurring, This item was “Disabled”, being, therefore, the reason of the problem.

The Solution

The NetBIOS configuration is done in the settings of the network adapter. Therefore it is necessary to enter these settings, and then select “Internet Protocol version 4 (Tcp/IPv4)” and click on properties.

The network adapter properties.

The network adapter properties.

Thereafter, We must click in “Advanced…” and then in the tab “WINS”. Downstairs we have NetBIOS settings. Interestingly they were already in “Standard”, which means that NetBIOS should be working. What I did was change to “Enable NetBios over TCP/IP” and then back to “Standard”. And so the problem was solved and never came back.

Settings for NetBIOS over TCP/IP.

Settings for NetBIOS over TCP/IP.

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